Many people often do not bother to know how a product is made before they consume it. For them, if the product serves its purpose, how it is made is irrelevant. Well, if you use CBD regularly, you should know how the compound is extracted from the hemp plant. The knowledge of common CBD extraction methods sometimes helps to explain the effect that CBD oil and other CBD products have on consumers. But before we go into the common methods of extraction, we would want you to understand why it is important to extract CBD. CBD is one of the cannabinoids found in the hemp or marijuana plant. Keep in mind, however, that most of the CBD sold in the U.S. is derived from the hemp plant as marijuana-derived CBD is illegal under the 2018 farm bill. The extraction of CBD makes it possible for humans to consume it.
Extraction helps to separate CBD from other cannabinoids in the hemp plant, allowing CBD companies to get a concentrated form of the compound. The concentrated extract is then used to treat and manage different types of diseases and disorders. Additionally, cannabis does not taste good in its raw form. If you choose to chew on it, you will quickly become irritated and you will not get the desired effect. For cannabinoids in cannabis to work on your body system, they must be decarboxylated (applying heat).
The extraction process destroys the microbes that are usually found in cannabis when it is still in its raw herbal form. If extraction and purification are not properly done, harmful compounds such as plant waxes and lipids as well as microbes can pose a health risk to the consumer.
Common CBD Extraction Methods
1) The Solvent Method
This method of extraction involves the use of alcohol, isopropyl, ethanol, butane, or propane. To get CBD, The flowers and trimmings of the hemp plant are put into a container and soaked with the solvent. The concentrated cannabinoids which are in oil form are gotten through the process of evaporation. While this method of extraction is inexpensive, fast and easy, it is also dangerous as highly flammable liquids are used in the process. Also, this method does not only extract cannabinoids it also extracts chlorophyll, making some of the end products bitter.
2) Olive Oil Method
This is the oldest CBD extraction method and some even consider it the best method because it is safe, cheap and simple to do. The process starts with heating (decarboxylate) the raw plant materials to the required temperature. Heating the plant ensures that the chemicals in the plant are activated. Olive oil is then added to the decarboxylated plant material and heated together. It is during this time that the cannabinoids are extracted. The olive oil extraction, method, however, does not produce a highly concentrated form of CBD. This is because the olive oil isn’t evaporated during the heating process. Additionally, the end product is highly perishable. It must be stored in a cool, dark area to remain consumable.
3) CO2 Extraction Method
This method of extraction works well for many CBD companies because it produces a much safer and higher quality product. The CO2 method if done properly ensures a potent and chlorophyll-free extraction. The final product of this method often has lower chances of having contaminants. The downside of this method is that it is expensive and quite complex. This often affects the price of the prod
The best CBD extraction method is undoubtedly the CO2 method. It is advanced and has been confirmed to be the best way to complete the extraction process. This is not to say, however, that you cannot use CBD products that are gotten through the other methods of extraction. They too are effective in improving health.