Diseases That Cause Wrist Pain, Its Risk Factors and How To Prevent It

The human hand is a complex structure which contains 27 bones along with different muscles, nerves and tissues. We rely much on our hands to do activities on a daily basis that we forget to take care of them and realize that they are vulnerable to injury.

These injuries and illnesses causing pain on the wrist and hand are related to the human body’s skeletal and nervous systems. All the various activities we use our hands will combine and result in a wide range of discomforting injuries that limit our body’s normal movement.

Here are just a few injuries that can cause hand and wrist pain:

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

Experts have stated that there are more than 100 various types of arthritis. One of the most common is called “osteoarthritis”. This is caused by the deterioration of the protective cartilage found on the end of bones due to wear and tear. Without the cushion given by the cartilage, the joints become swollen and irritated which causes pain. The risk of having osteoarthritis on the wrist is higher for a person who had an injury on the wrist.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

While osteoarthritis progresses over time, rheumatoid arthritis is a condition in which the body’s immune system begins to attack the cartilages and tissues that are supposed to protect the joints. As of this moment, experts and medical researchers are still baffled on what is the exact cause for this illness.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

This specific condition has been experienced by humans all throughout history but has gained a lot of notice over the past century due to increase in repetitive work and keyboard typing. This happens when there is an increased pressure put on the median nerve that passes through the carpal tunnel found on the side of the wrist. This results to an inflammation in the area that causes pain and numbness.

Wrist Pain Risk Factors

Participation In Sports

Having an active life is one of the best ways to live a healthy life. However, we should keep in mind that there is always a chance of us incurring injuries. A lot of physical activities and sports require a lot of work from our wrists which increases the risk of injury, specifically those that need repetitive actions such as golf, bowling and gymnastics.

Repetitive Work

If you have a job that requires movement to be performed on a repetitive basis then this can cause you wrist pain or injury. Even simple activities such as knitting or hair cutting can lead to wrist problems.

Some Disease and Illnesses

Most wrist pains are caused by exposure to physical activities but sometimes, there are other factors that contribute to it. Obesity, gout and diabetes are several risk factors that hinder wrist movement and cause wrist pain.

Preventive Measures

You should always seek professional help when you feel pain on top of your wrists. However, it is better to know about these diseases and how you could prevent it from developing in the first place. It is not always possible to prevent wrist pain but you can lessen the risk of having it by following these preventive measures:

Promote Bone Strength

Strong bones are more resistant against fractures. So, guarantee that you take sufficient amount of calcium every day. Experts suggest that the normal calcium intake per day is at 1000mg for adults.

Avoid Falling

As stated earlier, most wrist injuries occur when we are trying to protect ourselves during an accidental fall. This means you should remove hazards in your home’s pathways, wearing shoes and sandals that have a good grip, keeping walkways well-lit and installing handles on slippery areas such as the bathroom.

Think About Ergonomics

If your job or hobby involves regular use of your wrists and hands, ensure that you don’t overwork them or cause them stress. Take frequent breaks and use wrist support.

Some wrist and hand pain can be easily taken care of at home. But, it is always a wise choice to consult experts for a proper diagnosis. You might have prevented the symptoms from giving you pain but it is possible that you are just applying a short-time solution that covers the bigger problem. If you are having intense pain and discomfort in your wrists, consult your physician immediately.